In severe cases, the bone ridge has been resorbed and a bone graft is placed to increase bone ridge height and/or width. Ridge Expansion is a technique used to restore the lost bone dimension when the jaw ridge gets too thin to place conventional implants. In this procedure, the bony ridge of the jaw is expanded by mechanical means. Bone graft material can be placed and matured for a few months before placing the implant.
These procedures may be performed separately or together, depending upon the individual's condition. There are several areas of the body that are suitable for attaining bone grafts. In the maxillofacial region, bone grafts can be taken from inside the mouth, in the area of the chin or third molar region, or in the upper jaw behind the last tooth. The use of the patient’s own bone for repairs generally gets the best results.
In many cases, we can use allograft material to implement bone grafting for dental implants. This bone is prepared and used to promote the patients own bone to grow into the repair site. It is quite effective and very safe. Synthetic materials can also be used to stimulate bone formation. The use platelet cells from your own blood may be utilized to accelerate and promote bone formation in graft areas.